Chanakya wrote three books: Arthashastra, Chankya Niti and Chanakya Sutras. The last of these has proved fertile source material for a number of modern management books (e.g. Ashok Garde's).
As part of my studies on Hindu Capitalism, I'm first compiling key original Sanskrit texts with the intention of double-checking references. (Btw, I find that although I can't fully understand the meaning of Sanskrit texts without assistance, these aren't very hard to read since the roots words in Sanskrit and Hindi are the same. Sanskrit, like short-hand, is super-dense. That was perhaps an optimal grammar for verbal transmission.)
My goal is to cut and paste original Sanskrit into Hindu Capitalism. That requires Devanagri text that can be "cut and paste" from OCR'd PDF. Here's where you can help me, if you know about this issue.
I've struggled to find any OCR software that converts Sanskrit PDF files into "cut-and-paste" ready text. That is a roadblock since without this feature I need to insert image file into the book, which is such a pain. Google docs claims to do so but it doesn't really work; Nuance Omnipage doesn't have it, ABBYY doesn't have it. Every language seems have OCR facility except for Indian languages! If you know of any software that OCRs Devanagri script please let me know.
Anyway, let me start my academic study of Chanakya with Chanakya Sutra 1.9:
What does this say? It says:
"Equip yourself fully with worldly knowledge".
MOST of Hinduism is "this-worldly", not "other-worldly". Of four key human endeavours (purusharthas), 75 per cent (three out of four) are PURELY this-worldly. DHARMA (justice, just behaviour), ARTHA (resources/wealth to support a good life), and KAMA (enjoyment of life) are ENTIRELY this worldly. Even the last (MOKSHA) is largely this-worldly, at least based on interpretations by many Advaita philosophers (who don't see any distinction between this or that world).
That's a lot of "this-worldliness" for a religion apparently steeped in "other-worldly" pursuits.
The fact that Hinduism is PREDOMINANTLY THIS-WORLDLY must form the foundation of all understanding of Hindu Capitalism.
In Chanakya's work there are numerous references to how money should be made, how important it is to grow money, how important it is for kings to remove all obstacles to prosperity. He links prosperity (and security – which is is his second key contribution) very strongly with Dharma through an incessant emphasis on integrity. (He offers solutions to corruption, such as paying Ministers well, that are consistent with BFN).
But I'll come to these issues later. For now, let's all just note that Hindu/ Indian thought is PREDOMINANTLY material.
Without a strong material foundation, capitalism can't exist. A society must demonstrate a commitment to live well, not to poverty. It is clear that Hindu society has such a foundation